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What Are Gluten Grains?
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- An Introduction to the Science of Phonetics.
- Harvesting more grain zinc of wheat for human health | Scientific Reports.
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- Graphical abstract.
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Get this delivered to your inbox, and more info about our products and services. Wheat is one of the oldest and most important of the cereal crops. Of the thousands of varieties known, the most important are common wheat Triticum aestivum , used to make bread ; durum wheat T.enter site
Whole Grains A to Z | The Whole Grains Council
Additionally, some wheat is used by industry for the production of starch , paste, malt , dextrose, gluten , alcohol , and other products. For treatment of the cultivation of wheat, see cereal farming. For the processing of wheat grain, see cereal processing. The wheat plant has long slender leaves and stems that are hollow in most varieties.
The inflorescences are composed of varying numbers of minute flowers , ranging from 20 to The flowers are borne in groups of two to six in structures known as spikelets, which later serve to house the subsequent two or three grains produced by the flowers. Though grown under a wide range of climates and soils, wheat is best adapted to temperate regions with rainfall between 30 and 90 cm 12 and 36 inches.
Winter and spring wheat are the two major types of the crop, with the severity of the winter determining whether a winter or spring type is cultivated. Winter wheat is always sown in the fall; spring wheat is generally sown in the spring but can be sown in the fall where winters are mild.
The nutritional composition of the wheat grain varies somewhat with differences in climate and soil. On an average, the kernel contains 12 percent water, 70 percent carbohydrates, 12 percent protein , 2 percent fat , 1.
Thiamin , riboflavin , niacin , and small amounts of vitamin A are present, but the milling processes removes most of those nutrients with the bran and germ. Most wheat used for food requires processing. The grain is cleaned and then conditioned by the addition of water so that the kernel breaks up properly. In milling, the grain is cracked and then passed through a series of rollers.